Public Worship of God
Note: As a creature of God, you are
bound to pray to Him, not only as an individual, but also as a member of society.
The chief form of public worship in the Catholic Church is the Mass, which is explained
in this lesson. A fuller explanation will be given in Lesson 23.
- What happens at Mass?
The priest changes bread and wine
into the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ and offers them to God the Father.
- Who said the first Mass?
Jesus Christ, right after the
Last Supper on the night before He died, nearly 2,000 years ago.
- "And whilst they were
at supper, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and broke: and gave to His
disciples, and said: Take ye, and eat. This is My Body. And
taking the chalice, He gave thanks, and gave to them, saying: Drink ye
all of this. For this is My Blood."
- How could Jesus change bread and wine into His Body
Because He is God.
- Did Jesus give this power to anyone?
Yes, to His twelve Apostles.
- "Do this for a commemoration of Me."
- Did Jesus want His Apostles to hand down this power
Yes, because He wanted all men of
all times to have the Holy Sacrifice and to eat His Body and drink His Blood.
- "Except you eateth the flesh of the Son of man,
and drink His Blood, you shall not have life in you."
- How did the Apostles hand down this power?
By making other men priests
- Who has this power today?
The priests and bishops of the
- At what part of the Mass does the priest change bread
and wine into the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ?
At the Consecration, about the
middle of Mass, when he says "This is My Body." "This is the chalice of
The Mass is said in Latin because Latin
is the official language of the Catholic Church and was the official and universal
language in many parts of the world 2,000 years ago; also, because it is a language that
does not change (it is not spoken anymore). (Ed. note: This way, no matter where
you travel, the Mass will always be the same and you will recognize it
and the language.)
- The clothes worn by the priest at Mass, called vestments, are a
special priestly type of clothing that has a relationship to the
vestments worn by the priests of the Old Testament. These vestments are
symbolic of the unchangeableness of the Church.
- One cannot lay down set rules about how to pray at Mass because the Mass
may be followed word-for-word, as in the missal, or in spirit, according to
what is going on in the various parts of the Mass, or by practicing one's
- The difference between High Mass and Low Mass is that at High Mass
the priest sings some of the Mass prayers; whereas, at Low Mass he does
- Catholics must attend Mass every Sunday and on the six Holy Days of
Obligation. To miss Mass on these days is a mortal sin.
- Other forms of public worship are Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament,
Novenas and Lenten services.